Wednesday, March 20, 2019

upekkha in 3rd and 4th jhana, as part of 7sb, and as part of 4bv

Upekkha in the 4th jhana, and upekkha-sambojjhanga (7th awakening factor) are the same. 
upekkha is more properly translated as equanimous-observation. 
upekkha = upa + ikkhati. The ikkhati is looking upon. 
Along with S&S, Upekkha does vipassana while one is in the 4 jhanas. 

With the 4th brahma vihara, there seems to be some connection, at least in quality of samadhi, with 4th jhana. 
But one key difference, 4th jhana as a samma samadhi would be directed for the purpose of realizing nirvana.
Whereas upekkha of 4bv for a non-buddhist, would just lead to brahma realm rebirth. 

Upekkha in the Jhānas
AN 5.28 After 4 jhana smiles, (5. Reviewing-sign)
AN 5.28 Reviewing-sign
AN 5.26: uses samadhi nimitta from AN 5.28 to enter jhāna and onwards
AN 7.38 seems to overlap with AN 46.2 dhamma-vicaya-bojjhanga
AN 7.39 same as AN 7.38
AN 7.61 Moggallana fighting drowsiness
(2. Recall dhamma using V&V, thinking and evaluation, and upekkha)
Upekkha as one of the 4 bv (brahma vihāra)
AN 6.13 upekkha is escape from rāga
Upekkha in the Jhānas
Upekkha appears explicitly in 3rd and 4th jhāna. For the first two jhānas, perhaps the predominance of pīti and sukha as a vedana are too dominant for upekkha to be a factor.
The traditional interpretation of upekkha is one of passive equanimity, but a number of passages seems to suggest a more investigative, insightful function.
AN 3.101 balancing viriya, samadhi, and upekkha
An 7.61 working with S&S in vipassana role
SN 46.3 as upekkha-sambojjhanga, “looking upon the concentrated mind”

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