Tuesday, September 17, 2019

EBT Buddha making distinction between physical body and mind

We will look at just a few of the many suttas where this happens.

In the EBT, when the Buddha wants to distinguish between mind and body, he usually uses 'citta' or 'mano' in contrast to 'kāya' or 'rūpa'.

summary of suttas surveyed: 

MN 36: undeveloped mind and body: citta, kaya, sarira, and body organs referenced

SN 46.3 mana, citta, kaya all used. This sutta especially important due to high volume usage, because the piti and mano qualification, kaya with passadhi and sukha,  those happen in the suttas more than 60 times.

SN 48.37 this sutta especially important also, because it carefully delineates which happiness factors in jhana and samadhi are mental, and which are physical. kaysika contrasted with cetasika.

SN 51.22  mano in contrast to kāya. Note that 4 great elements is the classic definition of rūpa, so here kāya and rūpa are also equated.

SN 22.95 lump of foam: rupa + kaya contrasted against vinnana and lifeforce separated at death
“Santi, bho gotama, eke samaṇabrāhmaṇā kāyabhāvanānuyogamanuyuttā viharanti, no cittabhāvanaṃ.
“Master Gotama, there are some ascetics and brahmins who live committed to the practice of developing physical endurance, without developing the mind.
Phusanti hi te, bho gotama, sārīrikaṃ dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ.
They experience painful physical feelings.
Bhūtapubbaṃ, bho gotama, sārīri-kāya dukkhāya vedanāya phuṭṭhassa sato ūrukkhambhopi nāma bhavissati, hadayampi nāma phalissati, uṇhampi lohitaṃ mukhato uggamissati, ummādampi pāpuṇissati cittakkhepaṃ.
This happened to someone once. Their thighs became paralyzed, their heart burst, hot blood gushed from their mouth, and they went mad and lost their mind.
Tassa kho etaṃ, bho gotama, kāyanvayaṃ cittaṃ hoti, kāyassa vasena vattati.
Their mind was subject to the body, and the body had power over it.
Taṃ kissa hetu?
Why is that?
Abhāvitattā cittassa.
Because their mind was not developed.    

SN 46.3 Sīla

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